At COP28, scientists, political leaders, civil society and non-state actors came together to take stock of signals of progress and shine a light on the actions needed to tip the balance towards positive change. This event launched the Global Tipping Points Report, the most comprehensive analysis of negative and positive tipping points ever produced.

Kelly Levin moderating RMI's Later is Too Late event at COP28
Kelly Levin, Co-Director, Systems Change Lab, the Bezos Earth Fund, moderating a Global Tipping Points event at COP28.

This official UNFCCC Action Arena event is led by University of Exeter, Walker Institute in the University of Reading and RMI. It is supported by “Ahead of the Curve” — a collaboration across the climate data community to evidence how change is happening faster than we think, which includes Bain, Breakthrough Agenda, the Climate Champions Team, Energy Transition Commission (ETC), Exponential Roadmap Initiative, Global Optimism, Mission Possible Partnership (MPP), RMI, SYSTEMIQ, Systems Change Lab, University of Exeter, and We Mean Business Coalition.

The Global Carbon Budget shows emissions rising and time running out to deliver the Paris Agreement. As global warming pushes humanity closer to dangerous tipping points, our only way out is rapid emissions cuts and triggering positive tipping points. Around the world, concerted efforts are activating positive social, economic, political and technological shifts that are driving progress towards cleaner energy and a safer future — faster than many realize. COP28 is a vital opportunity to harness exponential change and get us back on course. Because later is too late.





  • Andrew Steer, President and CEO, Bezos Earth Fund
  • Changhua Wu, Fellow, Institute of Public and Environmental Affairs, China
  • Jon Creyts, CEO, RMI
  • Kathy Jetnil-Kijiner, Poet
  • Kelly Levin, Co-Director, Systems Change Lab
  • Nigel Topping, UN Climate Change High-Level Champion COP26
  • Pierre Friedlingstein, Professor, University of Exeter
  • Rosalind Conforth, Professor, University of Reading
  • Tim Lenton, Professor, University of Exeter